• Where to Use Flow-through Conductivity Sensors

    Specific places you’ll see these sensors are in production-related process liquids in chemicals, pulp and paper, mining, pharmaceuticals, food and beverage, and semiconductors. That’s because “many applications in these industries contain solids that can coat or damage sensors that protrude into the process piping,” explains Joe Covey, senior product manager with Emerson Process Management’s ( Rosemount Analytical Liquid group, another vendor, located inIrvine, Calif.

    Unlike insertion or invasive electrode-less conductivity sensors that must be placed directly into the liquid flow, flow-throughs “actually become a section of the process line,” explains J. Kevin Quackenbush, senior application specialist with Invensys Process Systems’ Measurements & Instruments Division (, in Foxboro, Mass. Invensys produces industrial and sanitary flow-through sensors with toroids—doughnut-shaped coils of coated wire that measure conductivity—that don’t protrude into process flow, but route that flow through the bore of the toroids, he explains.

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    Flow-through toroidal conductivity sensors may be ideally suited for slurries. These flow-throughs “provide real-time measurements of chemical concentration in your heavy slurries where other techniques may require frequent cleaning, sample handling systems or frequent sensor replacement,” states Covey. And with flow-throughs, Quackenbush notes that the bore could even be full and the flow not moving—or the liquid is passing through at maximum rate—and accurate measurements can still be made.

    In March, Invensys launched its FT10 flow-through conductivity sensor. It is geared to measure high-purity liquids; aggressive acids such as hydrofluoric, hydrochloric, nitric and sulfuric; or bases such as ammonium hydroxide and tetra-methyl ammonium hydroxide. It uses patent-pending multi-toroid technology using more than three toroids, says Quackenbush.

    That patent-pending technology includes more than just additional toroids, though. “It includes how they are paired and positioned, how fields are developed and [how] measurement is made,” Quackenbush says. With the multi-toroid unit, a primary toroid induces current in the process flow, and secondary toroids detect voltage created. That voltage is converted to a conductivity measurement, which indicates concentrations of specific chemicals in the process flow.

    For high-purity applications, Foxboro equipped the FT10 with virgin PFA Teflon-wetted materials from DuPont Inc. and leak-free weld connections. The latter eliminate internal threads, O-rings and gasket seals. And for low-volume-flow applications, Foxboro uses small-sized inside-diameter Teflon tubes in the FT10. The device can measure process liquids having temperatures up to 284 degrees Fahrenheit (140 degrees Celsius) and pressures up to 100 pounds per square inch.

    Brewing beer

    One sanitary use of the flow-throughs involves beer brewing. As beer passes through a pipe, the conductivity loop will display a measurement. “At the end of the bottling cycle, the line is flushed out with a clean-in-place (CIP) solution. With the flow-through sensor in place as an integral part of the pipeline, it [the sensor] immediately recognizes the change in conductivity of the CIP solution,” explains Quackenbush, so that the cleaning agent isn’t bottled.

    He notes too that the flow-through design also allows for in-line calibration while the process is operating. That capability “is critical for sanitary applications,” Quackenbush says. Calibration of a Foxboro sanitary flow-through takes less than 10 minutes, he adds.

    Besides no process interruption during calibration, “the process line does not have to be opened to access the sensor,” he explains. That’s a “big deal,” Quackenbush observes. “If you have to open a sanitary line, you have to recertify it before proceeding with process.” And that means more expended resources and less production because the process was invaded.  


    C. Kenna Amos,, is an Automation World Contributing Editor.

    From automationworld Sunday, July 8, 2007
  • iTrack365 Launches Enhanced iTeen365 Website and Promotional Activation Offer for April

    iTrack365, a provider of web-based GPS fleet management and vehicle tracking solutions, has announced the availability of a promotion offer, offering a rebate of 20% on the one-time activation fee of iTeen365 during April.

    iTeen365 vehicle monitoring unit

    Related StoriesPromotional Trade-in Offer for Magellan’s eXplorist Pro 10 GPSiTrack365 Launches Authorized Installation Technician Program to Ensure Accurate Installation of Vehicle Monitoring SystemiTeen365 GPS-Based Vehicle Monitoring Device Monitors Teen Driving

    This promotion offer is being offered to celebrate the launch of the new iTeen365 website –

    The new website offers easier navigation with increased functionality and added features. The iTeen365 website also offers information on safe driving practices for teenagers, emphasizing on the importance of the seat belt, tire pressure and optimal speed.

    A GPS-based vehicle monitoring device, iTeen365 enables parents to manage and monitor the driving activities of their children, by providing real-time updates on the vehicle’s route, location and speed. The iTeen365 helps teenagers learn and practice safe driving habits while parents are provided peace of mind with round-the-clock reports.

    The iTeen365 allows parents to view a detail driving history spanning four months. The vehicle’s location is presented for viewing in an online map format integrated with mapping service supported by Google Maps. Moreover, the parents can set up movement alarms to notify when the vehicle makes unapproved movements, set up geo fencing to issue an alert if the vehicle enters pre-set unapproved driving locations and also view the speed violations committed in various speed zones.

    The Chief Executive Officer if iTrack365, Joe McBreen stated that the redesigned website is easy-to-navigate and offers a better user experience to its customers. Parents can access information on driving tips so that they can better advise their children about driving safety.

    From azosensors Monday, April 2, 2012
  • Rugged Bay Trail COM offers soldered RAM

    Kontron’s Linux-ready COM Express Compact Type 6 modules for the Atom E3800 come in standard and rugged versions, both with industrial temperature support.
    Like most major embedded vendors, Kontron has gone big on the Intel Atom E3800 (Bay Trail-I), having announced a COM Express Mini Type 10 computer-on-module (COM) called the COMe-mBT10 back in November. More recently, the German embedded firm also unveiled the world’s first Atom E3800 based SMARC COM with its SMARC-sXBTi, as well as Pico-ITX and compact Mini-ITX SBCs based on the same 22nm Bay Trail-I SoC family. Now it is pairing the Atom E3800 with the 95 x 95mm COM Express Compact Type 6 form factor, a combination also found in the Portwell PCOM-B632VG and Congatec Conga-TCA3 COMs.

    Kontron COMe-cBT6 (left) and COMe-cBTi6R
    (click images to enlarge)
    Kontron is offering a standard “COMe-cBT6” version with optional industrial temperature (-40 to 85°C) support, and a ruggedized “COMe-cBTi6R” model offering standard industrial temperature support and soldered RAM. In addition, the COMe-cBTi6R provides optional ECC RAM, in which case the case the capacity tops out at 4GB instead of 8GB.

    The COMe-cBTi6R lacks the COMe-cBT6’s support for Intel’s Celeron J1900 (Bay Trail-D), as well as the Celeron N2920 and similar new N2930 (Bay Trail-M) SoCs. (See our Conga-MA3 coverage for more on the N2930.) The COMe-cBT6 also supports a new Celeron N2807 Bay Trail SoC that was announced a month ago. The N2807 is equipped with dual 1.58GHz cores, and features a low 4.5 Watt TDP, according to Kontron, and 4.3 Watts, according to Intel. Like the new Celeron N2930, the SoC supports Intel’s new Quick Sync and Secure Key technologies.

    The two Kontron modules also offer a few other minor differences as noted in the spec sheet below. Only the COMe-cBTi6R, for example, offers a Rapid Shutdown feature to “minimize the risk of system or data tampering,” says Kontron.

    Block diagrams for the COMe-cBT6 (left) and COMe-cBTi6R
    (click images to enlarge)
    Both models provide an onboard, eMMC solid state drive up to 64GB, as well as an optional microSD slot. A gigabit Ethernet controller is also onboard.

    The COMe-cBT6 and COMe-cBTi6R both offer dual display support, with dual-channel, 18/24-bit LVDS and a pair of DisplayPort++ connections that give you a choice of DP, HDMI, and DVI interfaces. Additional I/O includes dual SATA 3Gb/s interfaces, a USB 3.0 port, and seven USB 2.0 ports, one of which can be used as an OTG port on the COMe-cBTi6R model. Four PCI-Express x1 lanes are also available along with a wide 4.75-20V power range, says Kontron.

    Specifications listed for the Kontron COMe-cBT6 and COMe-cBTi6R include:

    Processor — Intel Atom E3800 (Bay Trail-I), Intel HD Graphics or Celeron N2920.J1900 (COMe-cBT6 only):
    E3845 (4x cores @ 1.91GHz), 10W TDP
    E3827 (2x cores @ 1.75GHz), 8W TDP
    E3826 (2x cores @ 1.46GHz), 7W TDP
    E3825 (2x cores @ 1.33GHz), 6W TDP
    E3815 (1x cores @ 1.46GHz), 5W TDP
    Celeron N2920 (4x cores @ 1.86GHz, 7.5W TDP (COMe-cBT6 only)
    Celeron J1900 (4x cores @ 2.0GHz, 10W TDP (COMe-cBT6 only)
    Celeron N2930 (4x cores @ 1.83GHz, 7.5W TDP (COMe-cBT6 only)
    Celeron N2807 (2x cores @ 1.58GHz, 4.5W TDP (COMe-cBT6 only)Memory:
    COMe-cBT6 — 2x SODIMM for up to 8GB DDR3L-1066/1333 RAM
    COMe-cBTi6R — soldered RAM, up to 8GB DDR3L-1066/1333 RAM, or up to 4GB with ECCStorage:
    Up to 64GB eMMC SSD (2-32GB SLC, 4-64GB MLC)
    2x SATA 2.0 3Gbps interfaces
    SDIO interface
    Optional microSD slot for WiFi shared with GPIODisplay:
    2x DisplayPort++ (DP/HDMI/DVI, 1x muxed with LVDS) up to 2560 x 1600 @ 60Hz
    Dual-channel 18/24-bit LVDS at up to 1920 x 1200 with DP-to-LVDS
    VGA interface
    Dual display supportGigabit Ethernet — Intel I210IT or I2111AT on COMe-cBT6; optional Intel I210IT on COMe-cBTi6R
    Other I/O:
    USB 3.0
    8x USB 2.0 (1x OTG on COMe-cBTi6R)
    USB hub (optional on COMe-cBTi6R)
    2x serial (RX/TX only)
    Fast I2C
    HD audioPCIe expansion:
    COMe-cBT6 — 3x PCIe 2.0 x1 (optional 4x PCIe 2.0 x1 without GbE port)
    COMe-cBTi6R — 4x PCIe 2.0 x1 (optional 3x PCIe 2.0 x1 with onboard PCIe-based GbE port)Other features — Watchdog; PICMG EAPI/KEAPI3 support
    Other optional features — AES-NI; FSP + Coreboot; Rapid Shutdown (COMe-cBTi6R only); TPM 1.2 (COMe-cBT6 only)
    Operating temperature:
    COMe-cBT6 — 0 to 60°C (commercial) or -40 to 85°C (industrial)
    COMe-cBTi6R — -40 to 85°C (industrial)Power — 4.75-20V wide range; ACPI 3.0; RTC; S5 Eco, smart battery support
    Dimensions — 95 x 95mm (COM Express Compact Type 6)
    Operating system — Linux; Windows 7/8/WEC7/WES7; VxWorks

     Further information

    No pricing or availability information was provided for the Kontron COMe-cBT6 and COMe-cBTi6R modules. More information may be found at the COMe-cBT6 and COMe-cBTi6R product pages, respectively.


    From linuxgizmos Monday, March 24, 2014
  • Yokogawa Releases New UTAdvanced Series DIN Rail Mounting Type and 1/8 DIN Panel Type Controllers

    Yokogawa Electric Corporation announces that it will be releasing a number of new UTAdvanced series controllers on April 24. The new controllers include four DIN rail¹ mounting type controllers and one 1/8 DIN panel type program controller. This is part of Yokogawa’s ongoing effort to expand its controller business by satisfying market needs and giving customers a greater range of choices.

    Development Background
    UTAdvanced series controllers are mounted on furnaces and other types of heat process-related industrial facilities for the measurement, display, and control of operating variables such as temperature, pressure, and flow rate.

    In recent years, it has become more common for equipment manufacturers to integrate the setting, manipulation, and display functions of programmable logic controllers (PLC) and other embedded control devices on touch panels and other types of user interfaces, and to mount the hardware on DIN rails inside panel boxes. There is an increasing need for such DIN rail mounting type controllers.

    The UTAdvanced series controllers come in two sizes: 1/4 DIN and 1/8 DIN. While 1/4 DIN controllers are more popular because they have large display panels and provide a wider range of I/O signal choices, there are certain applications where space is at a premium that require a smaller device. For just such applications, Yokogawa has added more 1/8 DIN controllers to its product lineup.

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    Product Features
    1. DIN Rail Mounting Type Controllers
    New UT55A, UT52A, UT35A, and UT32A DIN rail mounting type controllers are now available. They all comply with the global DIN standard and thus can be easily mounted in panel boxes.

    2. 1/8 DIN Panel Type Controllers
    With its 1/8 DIN product line-up, Yokogawa provides its customers a variety of space-saving options to choose from.

    1/8 DIN panel mounted program controller
    Compact in size, the new 1/8 DIN UP32A panel type program controller can control based on patterns that are preset along the time axis (program-pattern control).
    1/8 DIN dual-loop controller
    The cost-effective and space-saving dual-loop 1/8 DIN UT32A-D controller can carry out the functions of two controllers.
    Non-isolated remote input option² for UT32A
    A new optional function is available for the UT32A that allows a target setpoint value to be remotely set via a signal from another instrument (UT32A/RSP).
    Economy-type temperature controllers²
    For customers who prefer a simple and cost-effective temperature controller design, the UT32A-R, UT32A-V, and UT32A-C single-output temperature controllers are now available. In contrast to conventional models that come with relay, voltage pulse, and current outputs, these new economy-type temperature controllers have just one output.

    ¹ A metal rail whose specifications conform to an international standard developed by the Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. 1/8 DIN corresponds to a front panel size of 96 mm × 48 mm, and 1/4 DIN corresponds to a front panel size of 96 mm × 96 mm.
    ² Only available outside Japan

    Major Target Markets
    Companies that design and manufacture machinery, air conditioning systems, power equipment, and other items for use in industries such as electrical equipment, machinery, chemicals, foods, semiconductors, and automobiles

    Measurement, display, and control of temperature, pressure, and flow rate; alarming; programmed control; and display of operating conditions in heating, cleaning, sterilization, and other processes in R&D and manufacturing

    About the UTAdvanced Series
    The UTAdvanced controller comes standard with a sequence control function based on the ladder logic programming language, which is widely used by engineers. Improved design efficiency and elimination of the need for relays and other peripherals have resulted in a lower price. As a result, this series has enjoyed great success in the market since its release in 2009.

    The lineup includes:

    Digital indicating/DIN rail mounting type controllers: UT55A, UT52A, UT35A, UT32A, UT75A
    Program controllers that control based on patterns that are preset along the time axis (program-pattern control): UP55A, UP35A, UP32A
    A digital indicator with an alarm function that outputs and displays alarm signals when input signals reach a preset value: UM33A

    >> For more information, click  here



    From automationworld Monday, April 27, 2015
  • YouBionic: 3D Printed Bionic Prosthetic Now Available for Pre-Order

    download (9)With a number of 3D printed innovations, we have the privilege to watch over time—and often impatiently wait—as they evolve from concept to development to an actual tangible device. This has definitely been the case with the YouBionic Hand, which I wrote about just last year, and we first heard about back in 2014. While we follow the world of 3D printed prosthetics closely, from a recent and amazing Spider-Man arm to that of a fabricated leg for Champ the German Shepherd, it’s very clear that the YouBionic device is on a different level altogether—thus the time involved as we’ve wait to report on its official release.

    Italy’s Federico Ciccarese and his team expect this machine for the hand to add more than simple functionality. With this design they aim to transform the world of prosthetics forever, offering users the most realistic thing possible—and providing the opportunity for movement that would otherwise be impossible.

    The YouBionic functions with an Arduino brain, adding electronics and—ultimately—robotics to the quotient. This allows it to integrate with the body, offering help and support for the wearer. While these feaures also add to the pricetag a bit, users should find the cost at €1200 (around $1355 USD) well worth it—although the team put great thought to offering the most affordability possible. The YouBionic is therefore made up of standard components, and in the end, the team was ‘particularly impressed by the quality’ of such parts.hand

    “In recent months we have focused on wearability of [the] YouBionic hand,” Ciccarese told “I designed a support for my arm to be able to explore it firsthand.”

    download (10)The hand offers an entire movement system that allows for the hand and fingers to deform just as muscles do, contracting and releasing. As Ciccarese and his team state on their website, it’s ‘as if they were biological limbs.’

    They also state that 3D printing was the only way to go for this device, upon exploring options. Even further, they are able to make the design in just one print.

    “We have evaluated several choices but we have no doubt that 3D printing is what we believe to [be the] best manufacturing technology projects such as ours,” they say. “We are very excited about what this technology is capable of and we want to believe in it now, as its strengths are in the geometric construction potential and the ability to optimize the price of single, unique bespoke products.”

    bodyBearing a futuristic, elegant design, the YouBionic was truly made possible as the team delved deeply into the study of muscular fibers—thus allowing the design to emulate them as much as possible. The sensors within the electronic hand are intuitive and able to allow the hand to respond to what is an intended movement emanating from the actual brain of the wearer.

    With this particular material and construction, users are able to pick up items in just as delicate a manner as they would with a real hand; for example, the hands can wrap around a bottle of water normally, rather than squeezing it too tightly. The general concept is to use the device when wearing it to project yourself into another place, away from the body. This makes even more sense as you check out the YouBionic hand and see its range of mobility in the video below.

    The device is now available for pre-order through YouBionic. What are your thoughts on this new device? Discuss in the 3D Printed YouBionic Hand forum over at


    From 3dprint Wednesday, March 30, 2016